Guidelines for assessment criteria for BA First Year Course ‘Rural Development: Theory and Approaches’ approved

JUNE 30: A joint meeting of university teachers from Central Department of Rural Development, PK Campus, Trichandra College, Bhaktapur Multiple Campus and Patan Multiple Campus on Friday made a decision regarding the question pattern and the structure of practical exam for the BA First Year course Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. This course carries 100 marks-80(Theory) and 20(Practical Exam).

The meeting was chaired by the newly appointed Head of the Central Department of Rural Development.

According to the decision made, questions shall be categorized into Group A and Group B. Group A shall consist of four questions while Group B shall be composed of nine questions.  Students shall be required to answer three out of four in Group A, each carrying 15 marks while seven out of nine are to be chosen from Group B, each carrying 5 marks. This means questions to be answered from Group A carry 45 marks and those to be answered from Group B carry 35 marks.

Likewise, the meeting also made a decision about the structure of the practical exam which carries 20 marks. The students shall be required to prepare a 10-15 page project report based on empirical research. It shall be assessed internally and externally. Both Internal  and external assessments carries 10 marks each.

The details of the questions and the structure practical exam are given below:

Rural Development

Theories and Approaches

 (Theory 80 Marks)


Course No. 311                                                                                                               Full Marks: 80

Year: First                                                                                                                     Pass Marks: 28

Paper: I                                                                                                                           Lecture Hours: 120

Course Objective

  • The objective of this course is to make students familiar with the basic concepts, theories, and approaches of rural development with reference to Nepal. It also aims to provide students with the basic research and statistical tools.


Units                                                                                                                                                                      LH

  1. Concept of Development 15
    • Meaning, Growth and Development, Core Values of Development
    • Indicators of Development and Dimensions of Development
    • Underdevelopment and Characteristics of Underdeveloped Economy
    • Rural Development: Meaning, Objectives and Significance
  2. Development Theories 40

Modernization Theory, Lewis Theory of Unlimited Supply of Labor, The Doctrine of Balanced and Unbalanced Growth Theory

Dependency Theory, Schultz’s Theory of Traditional Agriculture Transformation, Sustainable Development, Human Development

  1. Approaches of Development 15

Community Development Approach, Integrated Rural Development Approach, Basic Needs Approach, Participatory Approach, Rights Based Approach, Rural Livelihood Approach

  1. Planning for Rural Development 10

Meaning, Objectives, Types and Need of Planning for Rural Development

  1. Rural Project Management 10

Meaning, Features and Project Cycle

  1. Research Techniques for Rural Development 10
    • Nature and Source of Data
    • Census and Sampling Method
    • Data Collection Techniques and Tools
      • Household Survey, Observation, Key Informant Interview, Focus Group Discussion
      • Questionnaires and Checklist
  1. Statistical Techniques 20
    • Measures of Central Tendency
    • Measures of Dispersion
    • Correlation and Regression Analysis



(20 Marks)

Full Marks: 20

Pass Marks: 10                                                                                                             Lecture Hours: 30



  • This course offers students to involve in proposal writing for the partial fulfillment of the requirement which is compulsory to all. For it, students should be in close coordination with their assigned faulty member/s for the completion of the task. The potential area of the task can be on the topic related to development issues i.e micro-enterprises, agriculture (farming and livestock), drinking water, sanitation, solid waste management, community health campaign/awareness, educational status of government schools, capacity enhancement of users’ group/mothers’ group and other relevant topics.
  • The final proposal should be submitted to the respective college. The students should compulsorily present their accomplished task for final evaluation and approval in the presence of respective faculty member/s and external.
  • Students should bear the expenses of proposal writing and other related activities as fixed by the respective campuses/colleges.

Proposal Format:

  • Face-Sheet (with study title, submitted to- department/campus, submitted by-name of student, T.U. Regd. No. and class roll no.)


  • Background of the Proposal, Significance of the Project, Objectives of the Proposal, Project Implementation Modality, Expected Outcomes, Estimated Budget and Plan of Action.
  • References


Page Format:  Margin- Standard (1 inch each side) Font – Times New Roman, titles font size-14, text font size-12, 1.5 line space, pages: 10-15 pages at Microsoft Word.





BA  Examination

80 Marks (Board Exam)

Group A (Long Questions)

Any Two :15 x 3 (4) = 45 ( three out of  four)

Group B (Short Questions)

Any Five : 5 x 7(9) = 35 (seven out of nine)

20 Marks (Practical Exam)

Internal: 10 Marks ( Format, Content, Methodology, Language)

External : 10 Marks ( Presentation skill, Format, Content, Methodology, Language)

(Note : External should be full faculty member of Rural Development and out of respective campus.)